The Collective Security Treaty Organization: Averting Security Threats in Central Asia

Author: A. L. REKUTA

Col. A. L. REKUTA (Res.)

In assessing the prospects for the development and consolidation of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), it is necessary above all to analyze the organization's performance, results and achievements from the moment of its establishment until now, and to identify the principal aspects of its activity.

The evolution of the Collective Security Treaty Organization began with the Collective Security Treaty (CST), which was signed in Tashkent on May 15, 1992 by the Armenian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik and Uzbek heads of state. Later it was acceded by Azerbaijan (September 24, 1993), Georgia (December 9, 1993), and Belarus (December 31, 1993). After the ratification process was completed, the Treaty went into force, on April 20, 1994. Therefore, the original signatories to the Treaty were nine out of 12 CIS member states. Under the provisions of Article 102 of the UN Charter, it was registered at the UN Secretariat on November 1, 1995.

The evolution and development of the CST at the initial stage was designed to ensure the fulfillment of the fundamental military-political tasks that faced the newly independent republics: providing stable external conditions for their advancement down the path of state development and the creation of national armed forces.

To date the CST has no counterpart in the post-Soviet space in the level and substance of the obligations that the signatories assumed in the sphere of military and military-political integration. The key articles of the Treaty are Articles 2 and 4, providing for mutual consultations and mutual military assistance in the event of aggression against one of the CSTO member states.

Right from the start, the Treaty was designed by its architects to resolve all disagreements between them, as well as disagreements with other states, by peaceful means-i.e., as a component of a collective security system in Europe and in Asia.

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