THE CLASS NATURE OF THE GANDHI DOCTRINE

Author: S. M. Vakar

Gandhi as a 'Reactionary Utopian'

THE CLASS NATURE OF THE GANDHI DOCTRINE. ( By S. M. Vicar. Voprosy filosofii. No. 3. 1948 [published in June, 1949], pp. 266-279. 9,000 words. Condensed text:]

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the most influential figure in the Indian National Congress and one of the Indian political leaders who enjoyed popularity among the masses of the people, was murdered in Delhi on Jan. 30, 1948.

Although Gandhi regarded the union and independence of the Indian peoples as his goal, his reactionary-Utopian social theory and the reformist methods of struggle connected with it caused his activity to fail in facilitating overthrow of the colonial yoke and even enabled British imperialism to make use of his activity for its own selfish interests.

After the second world war, the world crisis of the British colonial system, in connection with the general crisis of capitalism, impelled the British imperialists toward a new political maneuver, the effort to cut India into two states, to incite the maximum of enmity between these states, and to retain control over them. ... Being a supporter of a united India, Gandhi strove to end the bloody religious-communal clashes provoked by British imperialism, and called for peace between Hindus and Moslems. A half year after the division of India, Gandhi was murdered by an active member of the Hindu Mahasabah, a Hindu organization of a semi-fascist nature. The British imperialist bourgeoisie, having made full use of Gandhi at those stages at which it was possible, found him a hindrance at the new stage of struggle for its domination [over India], and Gandhi was removed. The social essence of the Gandhi doctrine and its fundamentally reactionary role in the history of India's national liberation movement has hardly been treated in Marxist literature. Yet this doctrine still retards the development of class awareness among the Indian masses...

The October revolution [in Russia] gave ...

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