CHALLENGE TO MANKIND

Author: Viktor Mayevsky

CHALLENGE TO MANKIND. (By Pravda Commentator Viktor Mayevsky. Pravda, April 27, p. 5. 1,200 words. Excerpts:) The United States of America has begun testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere. ...

The decision of the U.S. government, adopted in the face of the peaceful aspirations of the peoples, is a crude challenge to all mankind. It is clear to everyone that the United States' adventurist step can only complicate the international situation, block success in the Geneva disarmament negotiations and cast a pall over the peoples' hopes for settlement of the most vital problem of our times-the problem of general and complete disarmament-in the interests of peace and the security of mankind. ...

"It was not we who first resumed testing, it was the Russians," mutters the New York Herald Tribune. "It was not we who violated the test ban."

Enough of that, gentlemen! Do you not remember whose atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? ... The U.S.A. and its allies in the aggressive NATO bloc have conducted more nuclear tests than the Soviet Union. ...

The public of all countries is well acquainted with the statement made by President Kennedy to the American columnist Stewart Alsop that "under certain circumstances we might take the initiative in a nuclear conflict with the Soviet Union." This statement leaves no doubt that our country is threatened with a preventive war. Such a threat cannot pass unnoticed by the Soviet people.

In the circumstances of provocational acts by U.S. aggressive circles, the Soviet Union last year was obliged to take measures to strengthen the defense capacity of our country and achieved substantial progress in this sphere. ...

If the Soviet Union is obliged to reply to the provocational acts of the Western powers, this is dictated solely by the aim of strengthening the Soviet people's security and world peace.

Anyone who fails to take ...

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