125 Years of Diplomatic Relations with Russia

Author: Aurel Ilie

Romania: 125 Years of Diplomatic Relations with Russia 131

125 Years of Diplomatic Relations with Russia

Aurel Ilie

OCTOBER 2003 marks the 125th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Romania and Russia. This important historical event took place after the conclusion of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, during which the armies of the two countries operated as allies. In May 1877, Romania proclaimed its independence, which was recognized in the treaty concluded at the Berlin Congress in the summer of 1878. The independent Romanian state made a vigorous entry on the international scene, aspiring to protect its own interests by establishing direct relations with leading European countries. Russia was among the first countries with which Romania established diplomatic relations at the level of envoys. The special decree of October 12, 1878, appointed Ion Gika as Prince Karl I's envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the court of the emperor of Russia.

It goes without saying, however, that ties between our peoples had existed for a long time before their official registration. One may say that our relations are based on an age-old tradition. Even in 17th century, Metropolitan Peter Mogila, the author of certain translations, started an original type of relations between the cultures of our peoples. Let us also recall boyar Nicolae Milesku Spataru from Moldova who in the 17th century, while in the service at the Posolsky Prikaz (Foreign Office) of the Moscow state, was sent by the Russian tsar with diplomatic mission to Beijing. Having represented the interests of Russia there, he also opened the shortest, Siberian, route to China and produced the first-ever description of that part of Russia.

Gospodar Dmitry Kantemir established friendly political relations with Tsar Peter the Great, and, due to the circumstances, spent the last years of his life in Russia, where he enjoyed special protection of the monarch. Dmitry Kantemir was actively involved in ...

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