Military Aspects of Russia's Geopolitical Interests and Geostrategy


Col. A.Yu. MARUYEV, Candidate of Military Sciences

The different geopolitical situation in the world, a multitude of international problems, and the nature of threats to the Russian Federation's national security dictate the need for Russia to frame a geostrategy focused on protecting the country's national interests. Lately, some countries, the U.S. in the first place, have shown trends to underrate the significance of existing international security mechanisms, primarily the UN. Leading Western countries are making attempts to weaken Russia's political, economic, and military influence in the world. NATO continues to expand to the east and build foreign military bases close to Russian borders. Foreign states have also stepped up their political, economic, and military penetration into CIS countries, a zone of Russia's strategic interests.

Russia's political opponents do not admit openly that they seek to erode its strength but this goal shows up directly or indirectly in the strategic plans developed by the U.S. and its closest allies. The U.S. relies on the republics of the former U.S.S.R. and East European countries for achieving this goal.

Continuing escalation of ethnic conflicts near Russia's borders has an extremely negative effect on its national security. The flare-up of conflicts in Georgia affected Russia directly, forcing Moscow to take up a firm position in defense of the population of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Several neighboring countries continue to press their territorial claims against Russia. International terrorism is a very serious threat to stability in the world today.

Russia's unique position on the globe, and its geographic, historical, and economic specifics suggest the need for a geostrategic model to be designed by Russia for its own use.

Developing and implementing a country's geostrategy is a key goal it pursues in building its relations with other countries. Relations between countries have a political nature, above all, and are maintained by their government agencies. The challenge an analysis of geopolitical ...

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