The 149th session of the UNESCO Executive Committee passed the decision to convene in Budapest a World Forum "Science for the Twenty-First Century: a New Commitment". The Forum, which took place in June 1999, had been preceded by regional meetings, whose task was to determine the key national interests in the sphere of scientific activities.
The Guild of Science Leaders, a non-governmental non-commercial organization, which includes directors of Russia's scientific establishments, representatives of the Government of St.Petersburg, the State Duma's Committee for Science and Education, the RF Ministry for Science and Technologies, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Fund of Fundamental Research and UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), conducted, in St.Petersburg in September 17-19, 1998, an International Conference "Russian Science on the Threshold of the 21st Century". The Conference was granted the status of associated meeting of the UNESCO preceding the World Forum in Budapest.
Tasks of the Conference
The main tasks of the Conference were:
-to analyze the principal achievements and non-adequacies of certain scientific investigations in developing current problems, and to define the prospects of science in regard to its role in the 21st century;
-to delineate the model of building up and developing Russian science in the light of economic realities of today;
-to promote harmonization of the complicated relationships between science, society in its development and the natural environment in implementing scientific achivements in the various regions of Russia, taking account of their cultural traditions and conditions of life;
-to promote the renewal of international cooperation in dissemination and exchange of scientific knowledge in the epoch of informational technologies, and
also to ensure a major contribution of Russian science to world efforts aimed at the development of society, protection of the environment and creation of world culture;
-to perfect the propaganda of scientific knowledge and society's appreciation of science as part of world culture, making use of both formal and informal channels;
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