Strategic Leadership in the Battle of Moscow: Experiences in Command and Control, Conclusions and Lessons

Author: V.I. Tolshmyakov

Major General V.I. TOLSHMYAKOV (Ret.), Candidate of Military Sciences

Vladimir I. TOLSHMYAKOV was born on February 2, 1947. He graduated from the Chelyabinsk Higher Tank School (1971), the Marshal Mali-novsky Military Academy of Armored Troops (1984), the General Staff Military Academy (1991), and the Retraining and Skill Improvement Department of the General Staff Military Academy (2009).

Maj. Gen. Tolshmyakov served in the Tank Troops of the Soviet Group of Forces in Germany, the Siberian and the North Caucasus Military Districts, and at the General Staff Central Command Post. Since 1998 he is a lecturer in the General Staff Military Academy. At present he is senior research officer at the Research Laboratory for Issues in Military Strategy.

Candidate of Military Sciences, author of over 30 theoretical papers.

Abstract. The author briefly examines the control and command of the Armed Forces in the Battle of Moscow. Despite the strategic mistakes and miscalculations committed in the course of strategic defense, the course and final results of the battle demonstrated the maturity of the strategic leadership that brought about a radical turning point in World War II.

Keywords: strategic leadership of the Armed Forces, General Headquarters of the Supreme High Command, State Defense Committee, strategic defense.

In the Battle of Moscow strategic leadership was exercised by a system of governing bodies that had taken shape before the war started. This system displayed both the strong points and the weaknesses of prewar military theory and was readjusted in light of the first months' experience of grueling defensive fighting.

The organs of strategic leadership that had evolved by the summer of 1941 were by and large suitable for peacetime, but were not entirely up to war condi-

page 149

tions, as the very first days of fighting showed only too clearly. What was immediately apparent was under-centralized troop control over the army groups in the field, fleets and ...

This is an article from EVXpress, a service of East View Information Services that allows you to search across more than 12 million journals and news publications for fee and immediately download full text using your credit card.
Price: $45.00
Delivery: immediate download or e-mail attachment
This content appears in EVXpress under license from the publisher. Inquiries regarding the content should be directed to the publisher directly.