Author: Army General A. V. KVASHNIN
An analysis of the development of the USSR's Armed Forces shows that it was effected without due centralization, that is was extensive and was primarily oriented toward the development of the armed services and branches of the service, and not of operational-strategic groupings ensuring the performance of tasks in wars of diverse scale and intensity. Such an approach led to disproportions in the structure of the Armed Forces, a dispersal of manpower and equipment, and ineffective use of financial and material resources. Moreover, the development of arms and military equipment (AME) was planned with the use of the target-program method, and the organizational development of the Armed Forces, with the use of the administrative- command method, without any detailed coordination between these two lines of planning. The mechanism of decision-making and implementation of decisions on matters of military organizational development was also far from perfect, and there was no legal framework specifying the list of documents to be prepared, the contracting agencies, the time schedules for the drafting of plans, or the procedure for obtaining clearance for the draft plans and submitting them to legislative and executive bodies of state administration.
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