Onboard Optoelectronic Devices for the Detection of Aerial Targets

Author: A.B. KORNILOV

A.B. KORNILOV, Candidate of Technical Sciences

Andrei B. KORNILOV was born in Khabarovsk on November 18,1952. He graduated from the S. Orjonikidze Aviation Institute, Moscow (1976). He was employed and did research in the aircraft industry.

Today, he is section head at the N.Ye. Zhukovsky Central Aero-Hydro-dynamic Institute (a Federal State Unitary Enterprise).

Abstract. The author offers an overview of foreign onboard optoelectronic devices used to detect aerial targets and identifies trends in their development. He also shows the high technological standards of foreign new-generation detection devices.

Keywords: detection, optoelectronic devices, operating subband, infrared radiation, radiation receiver, armaments.

Optoelectronic devices are used widely today in weapons and specialized military hardware to detect aerial targets. They owe their popularity to their high secrecy in operation, and to their small weight, size, and power ratings.1 Most of these devices are radiation photon receivers based on direct interaction between radiation photons and electrons of the receiver material.

Development of homing devices for aerial weapons was the first step in the employment of optoelectronic devices in military aviation weaponry, some of which are shown in Table 1. In actual fact, optoelectronic devices onboard aerial attack weapons can only operate in the tracking mode when the visual field angle is only a few degrees wide. For this reason, an optical system could have a simple and compact design. The instantaneous visual field was reduced to improve the efficiency of the optical system by giving consideration to receiver

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Table 1

Optoelectronic Devices in Military Aviation

OED applications

OED designation

Location

Spectral range, mm

Carrier

Short (0.8-2)

Medium (3-5)

Long (8-14)

 

-

-

-

-

Firestreak air-launched missile

 

-

-

-

-

Mistral ATAM AL missile

 

-

-

-

Sidewinder (AIM-9X) AL missile (F-16 and F-22)

HSHW of aerial attack weapons

-

-

-

ICASRAAM AL missile (Mirage-2000)

 

-

-

-

Magic-2 AL missile (Mirage-2000 and Mirage-F-lC)

 

-

-

-

-

IRIS-T(F-16)

 

-

-

-

AAAM (AMS) guided missile (F-14 and F-22)

 

-

-

-

-

Blowpipe

 

-

-

-

-

Avenger

 

-

-

-

Skyguard-SAHV

HSHW of antiaircraft missile systems (AMS)

-

-

-

-

Roland-3

 

-

-

-

-

Aspic

 

-

-

-

Stinger



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  AN/AAD-5 - - - • F-14TARPS   AN/AAQ-16 Turret - - • U-60 and HH-60   AN/AAS-38 - - • • F-18   AN/AAS-42 Container - • • F-14 and F-15   Sea Owl Fuselage - - • Lynx   BAS 2000 Turret - - • Sea King Mk41 and Breber drone Infrared onboard aerial ...

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