Author: Ivan Safronov
Source: Kommersant, December 25, 2002, p. 4 RUSSIA'S EARLY MISSILE WARNING SYSTEM. THE WORK ON ENHANCING THE GROUND-BASED COMPONENT AND THE SPACE GROUPING OF THE EMWS IS BEING DONE SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH WORK ON A NATIONAL MISSILE DEFENSE BY WASHINGTON.
SATELLITE GROUP OF THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY HAS BEEN ENHANCED
A Molniya-M carrier rocket carrying a US-KS Oko satellite was launched from the Plesetsk space center at 3:20 p.m. Moscow time. After commissioning this satellite, the orbital group for early missile warnings will be able to supervise missile arsenals without interruption.
The decision to create the Oko system was made in the late 1960s. The system was designed to detect the launch of an enemy's nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles.
The Kometa Central Scientific-Research Institute and the Lavochkin Production Association, as well as the 45th Special Institute and the Main Department for Spacecraft of the Defense Ministry have researched the US-KS missile-space complex. The Kosmos- 520, the first spacecraft of the series, was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in September 1972. The Oko system was added to the nation's arsenals in January 1979 by the Government Decree No. 5721 and deployed on December 27, 1982 by the defense minister's Decree No. 00178.
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