China’s Role at Nuclear Security Summit

Sustained Momentum Needed to Boost Global Nuclear Security Cooperation in Post-NSS Era

(By Huang Yinjiazi, Wang Bowen and Deng Yushan. Xinhua News Agency, March 31, 2016. Complete text:) Beijing - Seven years after then newly inaugurated US President Barack Obama raised the vision of a world without nuclear weapons in a high-profile speech in Prague, the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) mechanism he initiated is coming to an end in his last year in office.

The fourth and last NSS is to be held in Washington on Thursday [March 31] and Friday.

Over the years, global awareness and cooperation on nuclear security have been on the rise partly thanks to the NSS initiative, which has helped expand international consensus and played a constructive role by complementing worldwide efforts championed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN’s nuclear watchdog.

Yet the NSS process, which is subject to the political cycle of the US, the biggest nuclear power on the planet and a top owner of nuclear materials, closes at a time when the global nuclear security situation is becoming more challenging due to the accumulation of nuclear resources and the rampancy of terrorism.

In the post-NSS era, analysts say, the international community needs to push forward exchanges and cooperation with fresh vigor under the IAEA-led global nuclear security system so as to continue keeping the world safe from nuclear terrorism.

Finish strong.

Since the first NSS was held in 2010, countries around the world have made significant progress in locking down nuclear materials and updating national laws. According to a Harvard University report, more than 1,500 kg of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium has been sent back to their countries of origin or eliminated, and 15 new countries have become HEU-free.

"Over the last six years of the summits, many countries took ...

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