From the Ten Commandments to the Modern Definition of "Human Rights"

Author: M. Kozhemyak

THE YEAR 2018 saw the publication of the book "Human Rights in Judaism and the Jewish Legal Tradition."* It includes a translation of an article with the same title previously published in 10 foreign languages (Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, and Portuguese). Its authors, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Doctor of Science (Law) Valery Vorobiev and President of the Synergetics Foundation for the Study of Civil Society and Human Capital Roman Iliyev, have dealt with this topic before.1

The work examines the notion of "human rights" in its current form and its development trends. It should be noted that the authors of the article not only compare modern-day view of human rights and freedoms with the understanding of those terms in the Hebrew scriptures, but also devote attention to the views of Western scholars in the 17th-18th centuries who contributed greatly to developing this concept, as well as contemporary documents dealing with this topic.

In examining the development trends of the concept of "human rights," the authors clearly show that, even though the modern understanding of the concept was conclusively articulated in documents such as the 1776 American Declaration of Independence and the 1789 French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the first mention of "rights and freedoms" can also be found in the Jewish religious tradition.

It is worth noting that Vorobiev and Iliyev's new collaborative work has sparked keen interest not only in Russia but abroad. This study has attracted the attention of state and public figures, as well as academics and researchers in various countries. The publication of the book was

* Valery Vorobiev and Roman Iliyev. Prava cheloveka v iudaizme i yevreiskoi pravovoi traditsii. Moscow: Natsionalnoye obozreniye, 2018. 248 pp.

Maria Kozhemyak, independent analyst

welcomed in particular by Morocco's King Mohammed VI and UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay.

The main assertion of ...

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