Failed Res Publica Restituta 1948: The Origins of Changes in the Basic Principle of the USSR's State System in the Soviet Political Discourse of the 1930s

Author: Aleksey NIKANDROV

Abstract. This article analyzes the theoretical origins of the concept of the "state of the whole people" presented in the 1947 Draft of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks (AUCPB) Program. The concept, a brainchild of Stalin, was included only in the Third Program of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) adopted in 1961. The article argues that the following conceptual innovations introduced gradually as early as the 1930s formed the basis of the new supreme principle of the Soviet state: theoretical elimination of the dictatorship of the proletariat, assertion of the classless society, redefinition of the party as the vanguard of the people (not only of the proletariat), and the introduction of the concept of the "bloc of Communists and non-party people" into political practice as the new principle of the Soviet people's unity.

Keywords: proletarian dictatorship, republic, CPSU, 1947 Draft AUCPB Program, Third CPSU Program, working people, the people, the state of all the people, the state of the whole people, USSR Constitution of 1936, classless society, the bloc of Communists and non-party members.

DOI: 10.31857/S013454860005121-1

The history of doctrinal-theoretical elaboration of the principles of the Soviet state, the directions of its development, the vagaries of the theoretical-political thinking of Soviet leaders, ideologists and social scientists, the travails of the often difficult choice and of building a case for the best form that suited the


A. Nikandrov, Ph. D. (Political Science), associate professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Philosophy, Philosophy of Politics & Law Department. E-mail: bobbio71@mail.ru. This article was first published in Russian in the journal Gosudarstvo ipravo (State and Law. 2019, no. 2, pp. 120-132; DOI: 10.31857/S013207690003857-4).

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Soviet state, the intense work on political terminology-all this is of considerable interest both for the theory of state and law and for the philosophy of politics and law. This is all the more so because these sciences ...

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