People of the World: Russian Scientists Abroad. Ed. by Dmitry Bayuk. Moscow: Alpina Non-Fiction, 2018. 516 pp. (In Russian.)

Author: Lyudmila KLIMOVICH

DOI: 10.31857/S013454860005127-7

The reviewed publication is a collection of essays tied together by the common subject of Russian émigrés who became outstanding scientists and realized their talents in other countries. Those who contributed to this collection have written that they wanted to "shed light on the names of those who, having been born here [in Russia] and having made their first steps here worked for the benefit of humanity even if outside this country's borders" (p. 29). Professionally, the authors are as varied as the heroes of their narrative are-there are physicists, chemists, philologists and journalists among them. This is not a historiographi-cal work in the full sense of the word since the authors do not claim the honor of bringing new historical sources and archival documents into scholarly circulation. They relied on already published materials, which does not belittle the results of their efforts: this is the first impressive collection of essays about Russian scientists in emigration addressed to a wide readership.

The people the authors of this book talk about left Russia at different times, and this explains why the collection is divided into two parts: essays about those who emigrated before World War II, as opposed to those who started working abroad during the war and after it. This might look strange since the émigrés of the late 19th century had little in common with those who emigrated in the mid-20th century. It would have been much more logical to use the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 as the watershed after which emigration took place for political reasons. For example, Ilya Mechnikov who in the first half of the 1880s discovered

L. Klimovich, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), assistant professor, the I. N. Ulyanov Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University. E-mail: This book review was prepared within the grant of the President of the Russian Federation as a state program of support of young Russian scientists-candidates ...

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