• Military Thought
  • 2004-06-30MTH-No. 002
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CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO A NATIONWIDE SYSTEM OF MEASURES TO SETTLE INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICTS

Author: V. I. MOLTENSKOY, Yu. A. MARTSENYUK

Col. Gen. V. I. MOLTENSKOY

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Land Forces Candidate of Military Sciences

Col. Yu. A. MARTSENYUK

Candidate of Military Sciences

The history of relations between Russia and its constituent Chechen Republic (CR) is rife in conflicts, including open armed confrontation. Their settlement was and still is a complicated national task with much bearing on internal political stability and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation.

Breaking out in 1994, the internal armed conflict (IAC) in the Chechen Republic clearly highlighted the problems and difficulties characteristic of this country as a whole at the modern stage. Despite some positive shifts in the internal political situation in the CR following its October 2003 presidential ballot, the subsequent events, specifically a breakthrough to Georgia via Daghestan, in December 2003, attempted by sizeable illegal armed formations (IAF), showed that full normalization was, regrettably, very much a far-off proposition.

Settling this and similar conflicts is certainly a practical affair, but it also requires a serious theoretical study. Science, military science included, must primarily produce systematized recommendations (action algorithm) for the benefit of the state authorities and the military command and control agencies not only on how to normalize the situation in the CR but also to preclude and defuse possible similar conflicts in other areas of the country. Lacking these, we may eventually start making the same mistakes as in the course of the efforts to normalize the Chechen Republic should any new crisis situations crop up.

As we see it, regulatory and legal documents and recommendations ought to be based on Russia's historical experience in using military force and nonmilitary measures in order to settle crisis situations in the Northern Caucasus, Western Ukraine, the Baltics, as well as some other internal conflicts in the past. Those who had to perform combat missions in the course of the counter-terrorist operation in the Chechen Republic know well how essential these are. There

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