Author: V. A. PRANTS
Rear Adm. V. A. PRANTS (Ret.)
Candidate of Military Sciences
Vladimir Avgustovich PRANTS was born on June 12, 1924 in the city of Chita; graduate of: the S. O. Makarov Pacific Higher Naval School (1946), the Naval Academy (1961), the Military Academy of the General Staff (1967); served in the Pacific and the Baltic Fleet-advancing from diesel submarine group commander to first deputy chief of staff of the Baltic Fleet; at present, professor at the Naval Art Department of the RF Armed Forces General Staff Military Academy; author of more than 100 research papers on strategic and operational employment of naval forces.
Geopolitics as a system of objective laws predetermining the evolution and development of particular world powers (and of the world system as a whole) and influencing their internal and foreign policies, depending on their geographic situation, existed as early as ancient times.
Russia and then the Soviet Union also had their geopolitical principles and objectives. In the period between the 1917 October Revolution and the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, our predominant geopolitical views were to a very large degree shaped by hopes that were pinned on the world revolution. After the victory in the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet Union actively supported national-liberation movements in former colonial countries, banking on the collapse of the capitalist system. A major factor in the deterioration of the Soviet Union's geopolitical positions in the 1980s was the absence of an effective national strategy and the low priority that was given to the strategic challenges posed by rival powers.
Today, the declining role of nation-states and the growing importance of international associations is an objective geopolitical trend.
At the same time, practical steps by the international oligarchy and political elite, designed to establish control over whole continents and individual countries in the economic, political, and social spheres with the aim of deriving maximum profit, pose a serious threat. This includes the use of economic pressure, sophisticated
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